THE ANCIENT VIEW OF THE WORLD The World of the Hebrews

Graphic representation of the Hebrew conception of the world. God's heavenly seat rests above the superior waters. Below these waters lies the firmament or sky which resembles an overturned bowl and is supported by columns. Through the openings (floodgates) in its vault the superior waters fall down upon the earth in the form of rain or snow. The earth is a platform resting on columns and surrounded by waters, the seas. Underneath the columns lie the inferior waters. This was the same prescientific concept of the universe as that held by the Hebrews' pagan neighbors.
From "Saint Joseph Edition of the New American Bible (Catholic Bible approved by Pope Paul VI, 1970)"

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